MICE Middle East Websites

Statement on travel and transport in relation to Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak

The current Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak is believed to have begun in Guinea in December 2013. This outbreak now involves community transmission in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone and recently an ill traveller from Liberia infected a small number of people in Nigeria with whom he had direct contact.

 

 

On 8 August 2014, WHO declared the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) in accordance with the International Health Regulations (2005).

 

 

In order to support the global efforts to contain the spread of the disease and provide a coordinated international response for the travel and tourism sector, the heads of the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Airports Council International (ACI), International Air Transport Association (IATA) and the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) decided to activate a Travel and Transport Task Force which will monitor the situation and provide timely information to the travel and tourism sector as well as to travellers.

 

 

The risk of transmission of Ebola virus disease during air travel is low. Unlike infections such as influenza or tuberculosis, Ebola is not spread by breathing air (and the airborne particles it contains) from an infected person. Transmission requires direct contact with blood, secretions, organs or other body fluids of infected living or dead persons or animals, all unlikely exposures for the average traveller. Travellers are, in any event, advised to avoid all such contacts and routinely practice careful hygiene, like hand washing.

 

 

The risk of getting infected on an aircraft is also small as sick persons usually feel so unwell that they cannot travel and infection requires direct contact with the body fluids of the infected person.

 

 

Most infections in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone, are taking place in the community when family members or friends take care of someone who is ill or when funeral preparation and burial ceremonies do not follow strict infection prevention and control measures.

 

 

A second important place where transmission can occur is in clinics and other health care settings, when health care workers, patients, and other persons have unprotected contact with a person who is infected. In Nigeria, cases are related only to persons who had direct contact with a single traveller who was hospitalized upon arrival in Lagos.

 

 

It is important to note that a person who is infected is only able to spread the virus to others after the infected person has started to have symptoms. A person usually has no symptoms for two to 21 days (the “incubation period”). Symptoms include fever, weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, and in some cases, bleeding.

 

 

The risk of a traveller becoming infected with the Ebola virus during a visit to the affected countries and developing disease after returning is very low, even if the visit includes travel to areas in which cases have been reported.

 

 

If a person, including a traveller, stayed in the areas where Ebola cases have been recently reported, he/she should seek medical attention at the first sign of illness (fever, headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, red eyes, and in some cases, bleeding). Early treatment can improve prognosis.

 

 

Strengthened international cooperation is needed, and should support action to contain the virus, stop transmission to other countries and mitigate the effects in those affected.

 

 

Affected countries are requested to conduct exit screening of all persons at international airports, seaports and major land crossings, for unexplained febrile illness consistent with potential Ebola infection. Any person with an illness consistent with EVD should not be allowed to travel unless the travel is part of an appropriate medical evacuation. There should be no international travel of Ebola contacts or cases, unless the travel is part of an appropriate medical evacuation

 

 

Non-affected countries need to strengthen the capacity to detect and immediately contain new cases, while avoiding measures that will create unnecessary interference with international travel or trade.

 

 

WHO does not recommend any ban on international travel or trade, in accordance with advice from the WHO Ebola Emergency Committee.

 

 

Travel restrictions and active screening of passengers on arrival at sea ports, airports or ground crossings in non-affected countries that do not share borders with affected countries are not currently recommended by WHO.

 

 

Worldwide, countries should provide their citizens traveling to Ebola-affected countries with accurate and relevant information on the Ebola outbreak and measures to reduce the risk of exposure.

Back to Home Page

With the year drawing to an end, comes the time to detach ourselves from life as we know it and to escape into a place of complete serenity to reflect on the year gone by, and look forward to new adventures. Tomjachu Bush Retreat more
Luxury travel goes beyond staying in the top floor suite of a hotel. It’s about seeking the rare experiences that represent everything that is authentic about a destination. Travellers immerse themselves in a destination whilst inmore
The Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), Taleb Rifai has visited Madagascar to express the Organization’s full support to the tourism sector. Madagascar’s tourism is facing a challenging situation follmore
Pristinely located within the Crocodile Valley Nature Conservancy, Tomjachu Bush Retreat’s 550 hectare nature reserve overlooks the Lowveld’s stunning Bekker Mountains and is alive with lush flora and fauna. A journey through Tomjmore
Movenpick Hotel Abidjan set to open in 2020 as Swiss hospitality firm confirms ambitious plans for the high-growth potential regionmore
this year: instore the island through a variety of marathons and race events. Find out more about what Reunion Island has exploring junkies alike, the opportunity to delve into its rugged landscape. Reunion Island is only a short more
The change of season gives rise to new growth and brings to life renewed perspectives on our daily routines, encouraging us look away from the mundane and towards the possibility of new adventuresmore
Fairmont Hotels and Resorts Kenya announces its new strategic direction to position its Kenyan properties as a three stop destination with a potential for leisure and business guests to experience the best of East Africa. The resomore
Destination Wedding Planners Congress highlights the islands nation’s idyllic setting for nuptials more
Constance Hotels and Resorts are offering one couple the chance to win their dream wedding full of exceptional moments at Constance Lémuria, Seychelles, by entering their Facebook competition ‘The Wedding by Constance’.more
Travel Shop Turkey
IT&CM China 2018
Travelodge Hotels (Thailand)
Advertise with us
Discover Armenia With Princess Maneh Tours
Welcome to Movenpick Hotels & Resorts in Jordan where you can enjoy comfort, sophistication and value.
Asean Tourism Forum (ATF2018) Thailand
Maximus BD Tours & Travels - Bangladesh.
Dusit Thani Bangkok
My account at TripAdvisor
International Media Fam Trip (IMFT2017) Thailand.
......Royal Cliff Hotels Group...... Pattaya - Thailand...
Best Western Plus Wanda Grand Hotel - Bangkok
Tal Al Rumman Farm , Jerash - Jordan
Pattana Golf Club and Resort Thailand
Middle East Adventures & Consultants - Qatar .. www.365adventures.me
Wadi Rum Promotion, Contact Mr. Omar Awad, E-mail: omar_awad _84@yahoo.com, Tel:+ 962 7 99373805
Royal Cliff Hotels Group... Pataya - Thailand

Copyright Travel and Tourism Guide - Middle East 2011

P.O.Box 841113 Amman 11180 Jordan, 37 Samir Rifai Street 3rd Floor, Amman - Jordan

Mobile: +962 785557778 fax: +962 6 5713689

Email: motaz.othman@micemiddleeast.com  Website: www.ttgmiddleeast.com

Motaz Othman Email